Portuguese Ibex (Capra pyrenaica lusitanica)


Portuguese Ibex on a winter
porojnicu / Envato

The Portuguese ibex, scientifically known as Capra pyrenaica lusitanica, was an extinct subspecies of the Iberian ibex. It inhabited the north mountainous zones of Portugal, Galicia, Asturias, and western Cantabria. Resembling the Spanish ibex in size and coloration, the Portuguese ibex exhibited unique characteristics that distinguished it within its habitat.


Portuguese Ibex looking at camera
aleeenot / Envato

The Portuguese ibex shared similar physical traits with the Spanish ibex, featuring a robust build and distinctive backward-curving horns. Its coat displayed a blend of earthy tones, providing effective camouflage within its rocky habitat. Notable features included a muscular frame, long, backward-curving horns, and a majestic presence that commanded attention within its rugged environment.


Portuguese Ibex seated on a slope
dreamypixel / Envato

The Portuguese ibex was historically found in the north mountainous regions of Portugal, Galicia, Asturias, and western Cantabria. However, it is important to note that this subspecies is now extinct, and efforts to conserve and protect its habitat are crucial for the preservation of its memory and the ecosystems it once inhabited.

Habitat Preferences

The Portuguese ibex thrived in rocky habitats with cliffs and trees interspersed with scrub or pine trees. These rugged environments provided the ibex with the necessary resources for survival, including suitable grazing areas and natural protection from predators. The species’ adaptation to such challenging terrain underscored its resilience and ability to thrive in harsh, mountainous ecosystems.

As a renowned expert in animal conservation and wildlife education, it is imperative to honor the legacy of the Portuguese ibex by highlighting the importance of preserving its natural habitat and raising awareness about the factors that led to its extinction. Through education and conservation efforts, we can continue to protect and celebrate the diverse wildlife that enriches our planet.

Facts About Portuguese ibex

  1. The Portuguese ibex (Capra pyrenaica lusitanica) was an extinct subspecies of the Iberian ibex that inhabited the north mountainous zones of Portugal, Galicia, Asturias, and western Cantabria.
  2. It became extinct in 1892.
  3. The Portuguese ibex was still numerous until 1800.
  4. It is a distinct subspecies of the Iberian ibex.
  5. The species was native to the mountainous regions of Portugal.
  6. The Portuguese ibex is part of the Capra genus.
  7. It was closely related to the Spanish ibex.
  8. The species was well adapted to the rugged terrain of its habitat.
  9. The extinction of the Portuguese ibex was likely due to a combination of factors, including hunting and habitat loss.
  10. The Portuguese ibex is an important part of the natural history of the Iberian Peninsula.

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