Corsican Wildcat (Felis catus)

The Corsican wildcat, scientifically known as Felis catus, is an isolated feral cat population that was previously considered a subspecies of the African wildcat (Felis lybica). It is believed to have been introduced to Corsica around the beginning of the first millennium BCE.


Shy wildcat looking back
WildMediaSK / Envato

The Corsican wildcat is a fascinating and enigmatic mammal with unique characteristics that set it apart from other wildcat species. It is known for its elusive nature and nocturnal habits, making it a challenging species to study and observe in the wild. This feline possesses a sleek and agile physique, adapted for stealthy movement and hunting in its natural habitat.


Grey fierce looking wildcat
romanchoknadii / Envato

The Corsican wildcat exhibits a distinctive coat pattern, typically characterized by a blend of gray and brown fur, often with subtle tabby markings. Its fur provides effective camouflage in its native environment, allowing it to blend seamlessly with the surrounding vegetation. This species is smaller in size compared to its African wildcat relative, with a compact build and keen, amber-colored eyes that contribute to its striking appearance.


Beautiful gray wildcat in close-up
anatolikFOTO / Envato

The Corsican wildcat is primarily found in the wild and rugged landscapes of Corsica, an island in the Mediterranean Sea. This isolated population has adapted to the unique environmental conditions of the island, and its distribution is largely confined to this region. While its exact population density is challenging to determine due to its elusive nature, conservation efforts have focused on preserving its habitat and ensuring the long-term survival of this distinct wildcat population.

Habitat Preferences

The Corsican wildcat thrives in diverse habitats, including dense maquis vegetation, rocky outcrops, and forested areas. These ecosystems provide ample cover for hunting and shelter, allowing the wildcat to navigate its environment with agility and stealth. The species’ preference for these habitats underscores the importance of preserving the natural landscapes of Corsica to sustain its population and promote biodiversity conservation.

Overall, the Corsican wildcat represents a unique and valuable component of the island’s natural heritage, contributing to the rich tapestry of wildlife in this distinctive Mediterranean ecosystem.

Facts About Corsican Wildcat

  • The Corsican wildcat is an isolated feral cat population that used to be considered a subspecies of the African wildcat (source: DBpedia).
  • It has been variously regarded as a separate species of its own (source: Wikipedia).
  • The Corsican wildcat is larger and more powerful than European domestic cats, measuring about 90 cm in length (source: Friends Animals).
  • The species has longer fangs in proportion to its body (source: Friends Animals).
  • They have a distinctive ringed tail with two to four rings and a black tip, measuring roughly 35 inches long from tail to head (source: Ripley’s).
  • The Corsican wildcat’s taxonomic status is uncertain, and it has been the subject of population genomics studies (source: PubMed).
  • The genomic information of Corsican wildcats has been compared to domestic cats from Corsica and mainland France, as well as European and Sardinian wildcats (source: PubMed).
  • The species is a feral domestic cat population, previously considered a subspecies of the African wildcat (source: Mindat).
  • The Corsican wildcat’s population genomics is paving the way toward a better understanding of its taxonomic status and evolutionary history (source: Wiley Online Library).
  • Basic facts about the wildcat’s lifespan, distribution, habitat, lifestyle, social behavior, mating habits, diet, and population size can be found on (source:

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