Alashan Wapiti (Cervus canadensis alashanicus)


Alashan wapiti on a farm
elmizaismagilova / Envato

The Alashan wapiti, scientifically known as Cervus canadensis alashanicus, is a subspecies of the elk, also commonly referred to as wapiti in North America. It is distinguished by its smaller size and lighter coat color, setting it apart as the smallest subspecies of elk. Despite being the least studied among the elk species, the Alashan wapiti is a fascinating mammal with unique characteristics and ecological significance.


Alashan wapiti up close
mattcuda / Envato

The Alashan wapiti exhibits a striking physical appearance, characterized by its relatively diminutive size compared to other elk subspecies. Its light-colored coat further distinguishes it, offering a visual contrast to its counterparts. The male Alashan wapiti, known as bulls, are recognized for their impressive antlers, adding to the species’ distinctive features. These distinguishing characteristics make the Alashan wapiti a captivating subject for wildlife enthusiasts and researchers alike.


Alashan wapiti in grassland
mattcuda / Envato

The Alashan wapiti is primarily found in the northern regions of China and Mongolia. This unique distribution sets it apart from other elk subspecies, as it thrives in specific habitats within these countries. The population density of the Alashan wapiti may exhibit notable patterns within these regions, potentially influenced by factors such as climate, food availability, and human impact. Understanding and monitoring the distribution of the Alashan wapiti is crucial for its conservation and preservation.

Habitat Preferences

The Alashan wapiti demonstrates a preference for diverse habitats, including forests, grasslands, and alpine meadows. These ecosystems provide essential resources for the species, supporting their survival and well-being. The adaptability of the Alashan wapiti to various environments underscores its ecological resilience and significance within its native habitats. Preserving these diverse ecosystems is vital for ensuring the continued existence of the Alashan wapiti and maintaining the delicate balance of its natural habitats.

As an expert in animal conservation and wildlife education, I am dedicated to raising awareness about the unique characteristics and conservation needs of the Alashan wapiti. By understanding and appreciating the remarkable attributes of this subspecies, we can work towards safeguarding its future and contributing to the preservation of biodiversity in the regions it inhabits.

Facts About Alashan wapiti

  1. The Alashan wapiti (Cervus canadensis alashanicus) is a subspecies of elk found in Northern China and Mongolia.
  2. They are known for their smaller bodies and antlers, as well as a deeper voice compared to other elk subspecies.
  3. Alashan wapiti primarily inhabit forests in the Alashan and Izubra regions.
  4. These elk are adapted to open grasslands, prairies, and steppes in their native range.
  5. The scientific name of the Alashan wapiti is Cervus canadensis alashanicus.
  6. They are one of the largest species within the deer family, Cervidae, and one of the largest land mammals in the world.
  7. Alashan wapiti are herbivorous, feeding on a variety of grasses, plants, and shrubs.
  8. The mating season for Alashan wapiti, also known as the rut, typically occurs in the fall.
  9. Female Alashan wapiti give birth to a single calf after a gestation period of around 8 months.
  10. Conservation efforts are in place to protect the Alashan wapiti due to threats such as habitat loss and hunting.

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